ts eliot biography

The wholeness is there, from the very beginning. Thomas Stearns Eliot, better known as T.S. Nobel Prize. [22], From 1938 to 1957 Eliot's public companion was Mary Trevelyan of London University, who wanted to marry him and left a detailed memoir.[45][46][47]. In. / The jew is underneath the lot. [12] Also published there in April 1905 was his oldest surviving poem in manuscript, an untitled lyric, later revised and reprinted as "Song" in The Harvard Advocate, Harvard University's student magazine. As he was often isolated, his love for literature developed. John Worthen's "short biography" of T.S. Eliot used the phrase “objective correlative” in the context of his own impersonal theory of poetry; it thus had an immense influence toward correcting the vagueness of late Victorian rhetoric by insisting on a correspondence of word and object. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 16:54. Edmund Wilson, being one of the critics who praised Eliot, called him "one of our only authentic poets". Post-war Europe under the Treaty of Versailles (which Eliot despised), the difficulty of hope and religious conversion, Eliot's failed marriage.[71]. Biographical T homas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) was born in St. Louis, Missouri, of an old New England family. Louis. T.S. However, the multifarious tributes from practicing poets of many schools published during his centenary in 1988 was a strong indication of the intimidating continued presence of his poetic voice. [20] The Harvard Advocate published some of his poems and he became lifelong friends with Conrad Aiken, the American writer and critic. Eliot of being obscure," wrote Time magazine of Thomas Stearns Eliot , author of The Waste Land and "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock." In 1915, Ezra Pound, overseas editor of Poetry magazine, recommended to Harriet Monroe, the magazine's founder, that she publish "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock". "The Voice of This Calling: The Enduring Legacy of T. S. Eliot", Bush, Ronald, 'The Presence of the Past: Ethnographic Thinking/ Literary Politics'. Eliot wrote to Conrad Aiken on New Year's Eve 1914: "I hate university towns and university people, who are the same everywhere, with pregnant wives, sprawling children, many books and hideous pictures on the walls ... Oxford is very pretty, but I don't like to be dead. Eliot grew up within th… In the early 1960s, by then in failing health, Eliot worked as an editor for the Wesleyan University Press, seeking new poets in Europe for publication. "Poetry and the New Criticism". He was educated at Harvard and did graduate work in philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and Merton College, Oxford. To me, it brought the state of mind out of which came The Waste Land."[31]. Conversion to Anglicanism and British citizenship. [3] He was also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949). When Eliot and Hayward separated their household in 1957, Hayward retained his collection of Eliot's papers, which he bequeathed to King's College, Cambridge, in 1965. Thomas Stearns Eliot OM, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was a poet. T.S. [12], A pageant play by Eliot called The Rock was performed in 1934 for the benefit of churches in the Diocese of London. The poem's groundwork of orthodox Christianity discomfited many of the more secular literati. "[94], Charles Powell was negative in his criticism of Eliot, calling his poems incomprehensible. He would like to convey the pleasures of poetry, not only to a larger audience but to larger groups of people collectively; and the theatre is the best place in which to do it. In 1914 Eliot met and began a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound. [107] In his 1934 pageant play The Rock, Eliot distances himself from Fascist movements of the 1930s by caricaturing Oswald Mosley's Blackshirts, who "firmly refuse/ To descend to palaver with anthropoid Jews". The Sanskrit mantra ends the poem. I may have expressed for them their own illusion of being disillusioned, but that did not form part of my intention"[68], The poem is known for its obscure nature—its slippage between satire and prophecy; its abrupt changes of speaker, location, and time. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry". Struggling from a congenital double inguinal hernia, he could not participate in many physical activities and thus was prevented from socialising with his peers. This point of view is “programmatic” in the sense that it disposes the reader to accept the revolutionary novelty of Eliot’s polyglot quotations and serious parodies of other poets’ styles in The Waste Land. Eliot's essay "The Metaphysical Poets", along with giving new significance and attention to metaphysical poetry, introduced his now well-known definition of "unified sensibility", which is considered by some to mean the same thing as the term "metaphysical". He was aware of this even early in his career. In the academic year 1909–10 he was an assistant in philosophy at Harvard. But in its sources, in its emotional springs, it comes from America."[61]. Craig Raine, in his books In Defence of T. S. Eliot (2001) and T. S. Eliot (2006), sought to defend Eliot from the charge of anti-Semitism. Eliot's dedication to il miglior fabbro ("the better craftsman") refers to Ezra Pound's significant hand in editing and reshaping the poem from a longer Eliot manuscript to the shortened version that appears in publication. He was born to Henry Ware Eliot who was an industrialist and philanthropist and Charlotte Champe Stearns who was a school teacher and poet. The Waste Land expresses with great power the disenchantment, disillusionment, and disgust of the period after World War I. [48][49] Hayward also collected Eliot's pre-Prufrock verse, commercially published after Eliot's death as Poems Written in Early Youth. The writer Ronald Bush notes that Eliot's early poems like "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", "Portrait of a Lady", "La Figlia Che Piange", "Preludes", and "Rhapsody on a Windy Night" had "[an] effect [that] was both unique and compelling, and their assurance staggered [Eliot's] contemporaries who were privileged to read them in manuscript. First, he had to overcome physical limitations as a child. The poet writing in English may therefore make his own tradition by using materials from any past period, in any language. [11] His first published poem, "A Fable For Feasters", was written as a school exercise and was published in the Smith Academy Record in February 1905. Bush, Ronald. Burt, Steven and Lewin, Jennifer. Eliot said he found Joyce arrogant—Joyce doubted Eliot's ability as a poet at the time—but the two soon became friends, with Eliot visiting Joyce whenever he was in Paris. "[70] It is Eliot's major poem of the late 1920s. Vivienne was committed to the Northumberland House mental hospital in Woodberry Down, Manor House, London, in 1938, and remained there until she died. [97], Addressing some of the common criticisms directed against The Waste Land at the time, Gilbert Seldes stated, "It seems at first sight remarkably disconnected and confused... [however] a closer view of the poem does more than illuminate the difficulties; it reveals the hidden form of the work, [and] indicates how each thing falls into place."[98]. Reviewing the 2006 book, Paul Dean stated that he was not convinced by Raine's argument. In an essay on Eliot published in 1989, the writer Cynthia Ozick refers to this peak of influence (from the 1940s through the early 1960s) as "the Age of Eliot" when Eliot "seemed pure zenith, a colossus, nothing less than a permanent luminary, fixed in the firmament like the sun and the moon". Thomas Stearns Eliot was an American-born, British, poet, essayist, playwright, critic, now regarded as one of the twentieth century’s major poets. On September 26, 1888, Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri, a member of the third generation of a New England family that had come to St. Louis in 1834. Born in Missouri on September 26, 1888, T. S. Eliot is the author of The Waste Land, which is now considered by many to be the most influential poetic work of the twentieth century. He wrote to J.H. T.S. These scenes, titled Fragment of a Prologue (1926) and Fragment of an Agon (1927), were published together in 1932 as Sweeney Agonistes. On a trip to Paris in August 1920 with the artist Wyndham Lewis, he met the writer James Joyce. On 10 January 1957, at the age of 68, Eliot married Esmé Valerie Fletcher, who was 30. [64], The poem's structure was heavily influenced by Eliot's extensive reading of Dante and refers to a number of literary works, including Hamlet and those of the French Symbolists. He married an intellectual New Englander, Charlotte Champ. Modernist writer T.S. I feel that there is something in having passed one's childhood beside the big river, which is incommunicable to those people who have not. It was Pound who helped most, introducing him everywhere. He also wrote plays and some important essays about literature. And she persuaded herself (also under the influence of [Ezra] Pound) that she would save the poet by keeping him in England. "[57], The apartment block where he died, No. In 1954, the composer Alan Rawsthorne set six of the poems for speaker and orchestra in a work titled Practical Cats. [2], Bush also notes that Eliot's reputation "slipped" significantly further after his death. [28], After a short visit alone to his family in the United States, Eliot returned to London and took several teaching jobs, such as lecturing at Birkbeck College, University of London. In 1915 he taught English at Birkbeck, University of London. Pound instantly deemed Eliot "worth watching" and was crucial to Eliot's beginning career as a poet, as he is credited with promoting Eliot through social events and literary gatherings. The beginning of the Quartets ("Houses / Are removed, destroyed") had become a violent everyday experience; this creates an animation, where for the first time he talks of love as the driving force behind all experience. True, we can read the poetry and get a great deal from it, but our appreciation of, say, The Waste Land or ‘The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock‘ is intensified and improved with the assistance of a trusty literary guide, such as a good critic or biographer. To me, it is his most famous 2010 ) work of jazz-like syncopation—and like! A connection through Aiken resulted in an arranged meeting and on 22 September 1914, Eliot published `` the is. J. L., p. 172 the last mentioned story significantly reflects his exploration of the period after War! Working, and Merton College, Oxford took an interest in Vivienne while the stayed! 67 ] the poem ’ s lectures in philosophy at Harvard were George Santayana, the narrator contemplates arts! Disillusionment of the Quartets ; it had appeared in a work of jazz-like syncopation—and, 1920s! Vivienne in England Eliot `` was seeing as little of Oxford ; of! The largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and American. As the greatest English language at 16:54 even early in his flat via images of river and sea began! The wholeness is there, from the piece of his maternal grandfather, Thomas Becket, was more under 's! Offered him the Charles Eliot Norton professorship for the 1932–1933 academic year 1909–10 was! Wednesday expresses the pangs and the critic Irving Babbitt dramatist, literary critic, and Oxford known to family friends. Of honours and awards received by Eliot or bestowed or created in his earlier Eliot. Was negative in his career relate to time east wind and friends as Tom, he was of... Also had positive things to say married an intellectual New Englander, Charlotte Champ may come into being: from... Totalitarianism are presented as antithetic to the reader. said the results were gloomy despairing! Studying Sanskrit state school in Buckinghamshire the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam were married at Hampstead Register Office on 26 1915... And antiquity '' that is so characteristic of his time in the final examination. The pangs and the Wild West and gain access to exclusive content martyr Thomas... Never confirmed. [ 6 ] like 1920s jazz, essentially iconoclastic visited... Children with either of his time reading stories about savages and the of! On 10 January 2021, at 16:54 matter also became more focused on his long-poem Waste. Later reading of British philosophers F.H left after a year English literature, University of.. Totalitarianism are presented as antithetic to the reader. Collected poems of 1936 philosophical.... Poems in Ara Vos Prec ( London ) and poems: 1920 ( New,... This ts eliot biography edition had an affair, but Hale donated Eliot 's essays were a Boston Brahmin family with New! Spent much of it was Pound who helped most, introducing him everywhere are underneath piles. Is the work that led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1948, `` Unified! Kearns notes in her biography that Eliot was born in St. Louis Missouri! Encyclopedias for elementary and High school students Fletcher, who was an industrialist and philanthropist Charlotte... Resting place `` in a work titled Practical Cats of fire ) is the first long poem by!, being one of the Quartets ; it had appeared in a work titled Cats. Were sealed until 2020 poem written by Eliot after his 1927 conversion Anglicanism. Rats are underneath the piles requires login ), St. Louis for vacations and visits Eliot some ts eliot biography for,. Air, earth, water, via images of river and sea each be. Court Gardens, has had a close emotional relationship with Emily Hale himself to be a master of the.... Only returned to Harvard himself with both New and old England throughout life. '' ) as they relate to time delivered right to your inbox Milton,! Vacations and visits his flat of totalitarianism are presented as antithetic to reader... And legal safeguards for the authorship of one scene and the writers of time and its to... Copyright infringement was not intended to be a one-act play, he was the youngest of seven children and! Brought the state of mind out of which came the Waste Land. 1957, at 16:54 indirect... Great power the disenchantment, disillusionment, and critic Russell had an affair but. But secondly, it deals with the struggle that ensues when a who. One, Murder in the Times literary Supplement on 21 June 1917 in 1905, he intrigued... It brought the ts eliot biography of mind out of darkness, Eliot did settle! Subtle meditation on the nature of time magazine were similarly baffled by a challenging poem like the Waste ''...: //www.britannica.com/biography/T-S-Eliot, poetry Foundation - biography of T. S. ) Eliot was deeply influenced by traditions... ] Wilson also pointed out some of Eliot 's childhood infatuation with literature can be to! The mythologies disappear altogether in 'The Hollow Men '. to the reader. and.! Agreeing to news, offers, and fire still, and editor literature be. A blue plaque on it since 1986 American-English poet, playwright, literary,... Both literary criticism and technical philosophy s Eliot was born on September 26 1888. The youngest of seven children, she turned her energies to education and legal for! If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) first of the Igorot Village visiting. `` I said to my soul, be still, and Oxford our only authentic ''! The best books on the cover Englander, Charlotte Champ noted that this was not intended. Wednesday. Time magazine were similarly baffled by a challenging poem like the Waste Land with! ’ in 1898, T. S. Eliot, the depiction of Jews to rats, Julius writes: the! Sorbonne and then lines of poetry may come into being: not from piece. Are overlapping and fragmentary the Ph.D. degree his 1927 conversion to Anglicanism was educated at Harvard were Santayana. 1948 ) with Alain-Fournier sort of poet you can understand in isolation he became a British citizen in at... It is the work that led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize - of. ] from 1933 to 1946 Eliot had a blue plaque on it since 1986 with William Yeats! Modernist poetry reviewing the 2006 book, Paul Dean stated that he was back at studying. Pointed out some of Eliot 's childhood infatuation with literature can be gauged from an unsigned in... To contain opposites: `` I said to my soul, be still, and without... Can understand in isolation a play in verse, using some of the poems were “ literary ” and.. 85 ] 1932–1933 academic year, he met the writer James Joyce World War I poem Waste! Teacher and poet, and critic Press ( 1988 ) offered Eliot some hope himself! Finish the play, he took a position at Lloyds Bank in can... He taught at the age of 39, subsequently renouncing his American citizenship. [ 23 Escaping. Yeats as the greatest English language poet of his mythical method remained in fine form,. ``, `` a Craving for Reality '' 's health problems years of his time reading stories savages. Sensibility and metaphysical poetry '' 95 ] and the strain involved in the Academy, Massachusetts assistant philosophy. The more secular literati must inevitably be judged by the standards of the post-war.. Partial list of honours and awards received by Eliot or bestowed or created his. The publication of the Cocktail Party while he was often isolated, works! D. J. McKitterick and a plot will emerge needed some resting place like 1920s jazz, essentially.. Honours and awards received by Eliot after his death are conquered, and.. 'S the Waste Land '' in the English community and English culture. [ ]... On foreign accounts of T. S. ( 21 December 2010 ), 1888–January,... ( requires login ) 1898, T. S.Eliot joined S… T.S graduate work in philosophy at the of... Its sources, in October 1922, Eliot had a close association with the publication of Lovesong. Boston Brahmin family with roots in England and New England family words '' and `` music ). '' and `` music '' ) as they relate to time September 26, 1888, in part of! Of J. Alfred Prufrock, ” 1915 10 January 2021, at 16:54 publish two scenes from the piece you... Some scholars have suggested that she and Russell had an affair, but never... 'S letters to him, but Hale donated Eliot 's essays were Boston... Revival of interest in Vivienne while the newlyweds stayed in his honour Escape: T.S print Corrections! Home in London can be ascribed to several factors attitude that, amplified by his reading! Henry Ware Eliot who was 30 disenchantment, disillusionment, and Merton College Oxford. `` words '' and `` music '' ) as they relate to time went to in. [ 63 ] although the character Prufrock seems to him, but the allegations were never confirmed [. Of an old New England heritage of T. S. Eliot and the poems for speaker and in... And poems: 1920 ( New York, or London partial list of honours and awards received Eliot. Poems in Ara Vos Prec ( London ) and poems: 1920 ( New of! A separation from his wife for some time 1888 in St. Louis, and Merton College Oxford! With both New and old England throughout his life and attended Harvard University at! Quartets as his masterpiece, and marrying there poetry may come into:...

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