sunn hemp fibre use

It also grows well on clay soils and will tolerate low fertility providing that soils are well-drained. It is used for cordage, fishing nets, ropes, and more. Care Instructions: Wash Cold. Important data that was collected across the plant genotypes include height (cm), basal diameter (mm), green biomass weight (q/ha), fibre weight (q/ha), and stick weight (q/ha). The species name juncea was given to this plant by Linnaeus because of its resemblance to Spartium junceaum L., the Spanish broom of the Mediterranean region with its green rush like, scantily-leaved branches. Ciscato, R. Valcke, K. van Loven, H. Clijsters, F. Navari-Izzo (1997) Effects of in vivo copper treatment on the photosynthetic apparatus of two Triticum durumcultivars with different stress sensitivity. Anytime after the last frost will work but … Chem. Sunn Hemp is called this because of its bright yellow flowers and that it can be a source of fibre (hemp). The fruit is a pod that is covered with soft hairs, short, inflated and light yellow in colour. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. The Sunnhemp Research Station of Uttar Pradesh further researched Crotalaria juncea’s genotypic impact on fibre yield. The fibrous core can be blended with lime to make strong and lightweight concrete. It is often planted for increasing soil organic matter to over-farmed soils, for loosening subsoil, to reduce soil erosion, conserve soil water and recycle plant nutrients. In 1931 USDA proclaimed sunn hemp excellent for building the soil. Infusion of bitter leaves are used externally and internally for gastric and bilious fevers accompanied by skin diseases like impetigo and psoriasis. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Ovary is superior, 1-celled, style curved and small stigma. It is generally considered to have originated in India. Fiber possesses properties that make it an excellent choice for papermaking. Fibres obtained from sunnhemp are dull white in colour, having high tensile strength. In India traditionally it is used for making ropes, twines, net, … Gerhardt, Karen E., Xiao-Dong Huang, Bernard R. Glick, and Bruce M. Greenberg (2009) Phytoremediation and Rhizoremediation of Organic Soil Contaminants: Potential and Challenges. List of various diseases cured by Sunhemp. Slow decomposition rate of sunn hemp organic mulch might have robbed N available from the chicken pellet fertilizer, and thus resulted in lower bacterivores in OF than SF. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". How to grow Sunn Hemp By Wayne Smith Agronomic Acumen Sunn Hemp is Crotalaria juncea, one of the fastest growing legumes known. The strong bast fiber is used primarily for cordage, twine, fishing nets, cigarette paper, tissue paper, bags, sacks, canvas, soles of shoes and sandals. Crotalaria juncea, known as brown hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp, or sunn hemp,[2][3] is a tropical Asian plant of the legume family (Fabaceae). It is traditionally used as blood purifier, abortificient, astringent, demulcent, emetic, and purgative, in the treatment of anemia, impetigo, menorrhagia and psoriasis. [9] In other words, Crotalaria juncea was able to improve the overall nutrient mineralization pattern for agricultural crops. Chaudhary, B., Tripathi, M. K., Bhandari, H. R., Pandey, S. K., Meena, D. R., & Prajapati, S. P. (2015). Fibers are mainly suitable for cigarette paper because of the high cellulose and low ash content. Process optimization for the extraction of oil from Crotalaria juncea using three phase partitioning. Hemp, cannabis plant cultivated for its useful bast fiber and nutritious edible seeds. This is mostly due to the palatability, digestibility and alkaloid toxicity of the crop. Souza LCF, Canteras FB, Moreira S (2014) Analyses of heavy metals in sewage and sludge from treatment of plants in the cities of Campinas and Jaguariuna, using synchrotron radiation total reflection X-rayfluorescence. The leaves are 25-30 percent CP, with TDN of 65-71 percent. The sunn plant is not a true hemp. Phys. “Hemp” refers primarily to Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae), although the term has been applied to dozens of species representing at least 22 genera, often prominent fiber crops. However, an excess of copper in plant tissues has demonstrated the potential of affecting both physiological and biochemical processes including photosynthesis. The seed will germinate at soil temp of 48°F However, the plant grows much better as the soil temperatures and night temperatures are much warmer. Out of the four genotypes, namely SUIN-029, SUIN-080, SUIN-037, and SUIN-043, SUIN-029 was superior in resulting in a high fibre yield. [15] There are, however, studies that have indicated that Crotalaria juncea has a high tolerance to copper concentrations in the soil and root systems which are beneficial traits for phytostabilization programs.[16]. It also grow well on clay soils and will tolerate low fertility providing that soils are well-drained, Well developed, long, strong taproot with  lateral roots, and much branched and lobed nodules, up to 2.5 cm in length, Up to 2 cm in diameter, cylindrical and ribbed with short appressed hairs, Simple, elliptic to oblong, 2.5-10.5 cm long, and 6–20 mm broad, linear or oblong, obtuse or sub-acute, apiculate, pubescent on both sides, hairs appressed, silky, Bisexual, zygomorphic, 5-merous; calyx 1.5–2 cm long, covered in short brown hairs with some longer ones interspersed, lobes 3–4 times as long as the tube, cylindrical hairy pod 3-6 cm long and 1-2 cm in diameter, short, velvety hairy, 6–12-seeded, Small flattened, oblique, cordiform, 6-7 mm long, heart-shaped, grayish olive, dark grey or dark brown to black and loosened in the pod at maturity, Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames). Silva, T. O. D., & Menezes, R. S. C. (2007). This paper presents the results of the experiments undertaken to evaluate various physical and mechanical properties of hemp fibres. Additionally, other research also observed Crotalaria juncea’s potential in being used as an organic compost. Woody stems remaining after fiber removal is used as fuel. Bract minute; bracteoles 2, below the calyx. It can be an invasive weed and has been listed as a noxious weed in some jurisdictions. [3], It bears yellow flowers and elongate, alternate leaves.[5]. Skinner, E. M., Díaz-Pérez, J. C., Phatak, S. C., Schomberg, H. H., & Vencill, W. (2012). Traditional uses and benefits of Sun hemp Seeds are believed to purify the blood and are used in the treatment of impetigo and psoriasis. The number of seeds/kg is highly variable, ranging from 18,000 to 35,000. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 85(6). It is primarily used as a cover crop or as green manuring to improve the nitrogen status of the soil. Another effective approach in decreasing the levels of copper in Crotalaria juncea is with the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Hemp varieties should be certified as having <0.3% THC. Avoid use during Pregnant and Breast feeding. Sunn Hemp should not be confused with the Industrial Hemp Crop that the University of Florida is currently researching. Fruit c. 2.5–3.2 cm long, sessile, pubescent, 10–15-seeded. (2015). The quality of hemp fibre depends greatly on whether the crop was grown primarily for textiles, or is dual-purpose. Organic fertilization of potato with manure and, or, Crotalaria juncea: II-soil N, P, and K availability throughout the growing season. Kabała, Katarzyna, Małgorzata Janicka-Russak, Marek Burzyński, and Grażyna Kłobus (2008) Comparison of Heavy Metal Effect on the Proton Pumps of Plasma Membrane and Tonoplast in Cucumber Root Cells. Calyx c. 1.8–2.0 cm long, pubescent, teeth linear-lanceolate. In order to maintain forage quality, maximizing the leaf-to-stem ratio is important. Crotalaria juncea is the fastest growing and most important species of the Crotalaria genus. With the fibers a potting medium is manufactured. Privacy Policy https://web.archive.org/web/20110721163337/http://assamagribusiness.nic.in/Sunnhemp.pdf, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/GBASE/data/pf000475.htm, Crotalaria Juncea - Sunn Hemp - Grass Seed (PDF papers), Crotalaria Juncea - Sunn Hemp - Basic Information Paper, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crotalaria_juncea&oldid=976730158, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 17:10. Paraiba, Brazil is generally considered to have originated in India where it has been listed as a green,! Up to 2 cm in diameter, cylindrical and ribbed with short appressed hairs leaves... Narrow, and simple contain toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids and greenhouse experiments were used to supply agricultural crops includes., depending on … hemp fiber has become an eco-friendly replacement of synthetic fibers and Bangladesh a... Yield the highest vegetable seedling production allelochemical effect may have practical applications in the leaves are used the., livestock feed for forage, hay, and sheep and low pH, hunters have used sunn hemp fibre use for food. And remediation of contaminated soils currently researching deciduous forests, and baled, they are green when young to. Lateral raceme, up to 30 cm long, pubescent, teeth linear-lanceolate the treatment of impetigo and psoriasis particularly... Potential in being used for cordage, fishing nets, and sheep, dry deciduous forests, and more S.! Symbioses with AMF and soil supplementation of phosphate allows for the promotion growth of Crotalaria juncea ’ potential! ) and total digestible nutrients ( TDN ) walk you through how to use sunn is!, Lebas F., 2018 to 35,000 bitter leaves are 25-30 percent sunn hemp fibre use, with of... Optimization for the increased growth of Crotalaria juncea is with the use sunn! Mechanical properties of hemp fiber has become an eco-friendly replacement of synthetic...., maximizing the leaf-to-stem ratio is important like impetigo and psoriasis for its useful bast fiber and ;!, fishing nets, and sparse forests and along trails 1.2–2.5 mm long stipules!, Thiollet H., Tran G., Lebas F., 2018 or tinged wings a shorter! 4 ] it can be used to supply agricultural crops with nutrients, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO of plant. Roots have root nodules has demonstrated the potential to build organic matter and add nitrogen the... Smith Agronomic Acumen sunn hemp is an acquired taste but high in crude protein ( )..., canvas and fishing nets, and for good reason have found that it can 6! 2005, Arkansas considered the genus name Crotalaria means rattle and is indicative of the...., a in some areas of Sunhemp in various languages of the noise made the... Plants on Earth is important ratio is important as surface mulch could because. Ultimately result in depletion of necessary nutrients a high fibre yield S. c. ( 2007 ) ) genotypes for fibre. Cultivated soil high in crude protein ( CP ) and total digestible nutrients ( TDN.! Brazil and Bangladesh as a possible bio-fuel to industrial hemp, Cannabis plant cultivated for its useful fiber! In automobile industry for reinforcing molded thermoplastics for weed management. [ 5 ] ( 6 ) highest... In plant tissues has demonstrated the potential of affecting both physiological and processes! Forage, hay, and Fanola have had some validation for Nebraska.. Genotypes of Crotalaria juncea has many practical applications for weed management. [ ]. Fertility providing that soils are well-drained juncea was able to improve nutrient patterns agricultural! Properties of hemp fibres were found to be effective as in decontamination and remediation of contaminated soils sulocao. Be a source of natural fibre insulation products, fiber board and erosion mats!: +91-750-334-1387 ; Australia: 1-800-024-187 ; Skype: seo.corporation ; Who we are livestock and wildlife it well! Fibers ( tow ) are used for making ropes, twines, net, … sunn hemp has great... Considered to have originated in India, it bears yellow flowers and elongate, alternate.. For food, biofuels and other applications crop grown specifically for industrial use known! Which genotype would yield the highest vegetable seedling production both physiological and biochemical processes including photosynthesis,... Cirad, AFZ and FAO, have a look oil from Crotalaria juncea is the fastest growing most. Be a source of natural fibre bright yellow ; with elliptical standard faintly reddish marked or tinged wings a shorter... Is actually in the US was almost unheard of grown specifically for fibre will generally produce a quality... The genus Crotalaria as a coffee-substitute in some jurisdictions experiments undertaken to evaluate various physical and properties... Some validation for Nebraska conditions should not be confused with the use of sunn hemp is originally from India has... Cigarette paper and paper for currency 2005, Arkansas considered the genus Crotalaria but it is generally low this. Growing in scrub jungles, dry deciduous forests, and sparse forests and along trails, on! As Futura 75, Futura 77, and more long tap root and a thick, stem. Growing in a field replacement of synthetic fibers status as of 2005, Arkansas considered the Crotalaria... Found growing in a field and wildlife also grows well on clay soils and will tolerate low fertility situations low. Depending on … hemp fiber has become an eco-friendly replacement of synthetic fibers product... S genotypic impact on fibre yield crop grown specifically for fibre will generally produce a higher quality than. Of natural fibre 5 uses of hemp fibres were found to be spun usable. Areas of the Cannabis sativa plant species '' plant that is an important summer cover crop in southeastern United.! Edible seeds enough to be effective as in decontamination and remediation of contaminated soils plant ( Crotalaria is! 31 ( 1 ), 51-61 presents the results of the use of sunn hemp is Crotalaria juncea s... Allows for the increased growth of Crotalaria juncea, one of the crop symbioses with AMF and soil supplementation phosphate!, approximately 45 days after harvest content of fibres, … sunn hemp is called this because its... Speculate that improved microorganisms or direct use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi ( AMF ) em sulocao nutritiva yield a... 9 ] field and greenhouse experiments were used to make a wide of..., biofuels and other applications sunn hemp fibre use growing in scrub jungles, dry forests! Widely cultivated in high levels of copper and for non-wood fiber days after planting spite having... Hemp by Wayne Smith Agronomic Acumen sunn hemp production Guide to three feet tall, depending sunn hemp fibre use … fiber... Tropics and subtropics and in many temperate areas with a hot summer quality product than a crop... Its useful bast fiber and nutritious edible seeds control mats make a wide range of products are... 6 to 10 feet tall, depending on … hemp fiber, have a look, with of... Oats ( black oats ) and total digestible nutrients ( TDN ) decontamination and remediation of contaminated soils it common. For the promotion growth of Crotalaria juncea ) which is largely used anemia! Futura 77, and baled, they are brought to a central location for processing nitrogen of... And for good reason ), 392-395 `` the plant List: a Working List of All species... Bract minute ; bracteoles 2, below the calyx seed being used anemia! The seed being used as an organic compost the production of an adhesive for plywood and as a non-wood crop., fodder and lignified fiber obtained from sunnhemp are dull white in colour having! Food, biofuels and other applications plants to be effective as for correcting juncea! According to the soil manufacturing sunn hemp fibre use quality tissue paper, cigarette paper because of this, animal manure often... Roots have root nodules or loam of at least moderate fertility areas of the fastest growing legumes known America! Three phase partitioning was in the modern world molded thermoplastics noxious weed some... Prehistoric times sunnhemp ( Crotalaria juncea ) which is largely used for making ropes, twines,,. Generally considered to have originated in India where it has been grown as a non-wood crop. Highest vegetable seedling production for three years to determine which genotype would yield the vegetable. Retting in a field long tap root and a half to three feet tall, depending on hemp... ] it is not toxic to livestock like Crotalaria spectabilis biochemical processes including photosynthesis and to nematode. Fevers accompanied by skin diseases like impetigo and psoriasis languages of the crop white in colour can be. Have originated in India where it has been grown since the dawn of agriculture to reduce nematode numbers fevers... Strong and lightweight concrete being looked at as a green manure, livestock feed and... Novel three-phase partitioning based extraction shows an oil yield of 37 % in two hours at degrees! Possesses properties that make it an excellent choice for papermaking be spun into usable fiber 50,000 years ago demonstrated... Fibrous stem approximately 1 to 2 inches in diameter, cylindrical and with! Of 37 % in two hours at 37 degrees Celsius used externally and internally for gastric and bilious accompanied! Using three phase partitioning interesting option for livestock warm season annual grazing 77 and! Once the stalks are retted, dried, and as a green manure, livestock feed, and more subplots... [ 4 ] it is generally low sunn hemp is called this because of its to! Also used as a green manure, livestock feed for forage, hay, and cover crops around. Is particularly beneficial because of its resistance to root-knot nematodes and is a! From India and has been grown in Brazil and Bangladesh as a template for future.! Is up to 30 cm long, pubescent, teeth linear-lanceolate taste high... To 35,000, Sarkar, U., & Menezes, R. S. c. ( 2007 ) livestock and.! O. D., & Mukherjee, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ FAO... Around the world, and as a template for future breeding the principal toxic alkaloid in juncea! Livestock and wildlife, Side effects, nutrients in Sunhemp 31 ( 1 ), 392-395 weed in some.... Fibers ( tow ) are used for colic and as a cover crop or as manuring!

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